Friday, 10 August 2012

Rishi and Gotra Details


Oldest Vedic Script, the Rg Veda, the Authors of Rig Veda, Names of some of the Rishis


Before we start getting the names of great Rishis, we should know first the Saptha Rishis, known as the Seven Great Rishis. There is a Saptha Rishi Mandalam in our stellar system which signifies the importance of these Seven great Rishis. The names that symbolizes the saptha Rishi Mandalam are:

Kashyapa
Athri
Bharatwaja
Viswaamitra
Gauthama
Jamadagni
Vasishta

Apart from the Rishi Mandala names, the Seven Important Rishis names are listed in the Ithihasa; They are: Athri, Bruku, Kuthsa, Vasishta, Gauthama and Aangirasa. However, theGothra Rishis are in a differently arranged one as : Bruku, Aangirasa, Athri, Viswamitra, vashita, Kasyapa & Agasthya. Please note, that the names of Adri, Kasyapa and Vasishta are listed in the Rishi Mandala, Rishi grouping and also in the Gothra Rishi list. This proves their important role in formulations of basics in the Vedic Scripts.

And the next one we should know at the beginning is the names of 7 Chchandas - viz., Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushtub, Bruhathee, Bhangthi, Thrushtup and Jagathee. These are the notations that one will see in every Vedic script that pronounces the names of Rishis who composed it and the Chhandas that it belong to and finally the Devatha it is in composition within. Now let us proceed with knowing the names of the Great Rishis, who composed the oldest script known as Rg Veda (Rig Vedam).
Following are the known names of the Rishis, but not all of them so popular; all these Rishis composed many versus of Mantras mentioned included, which are part of the syllabi of various Upanishads. Those who are of Sama Veda and perform the Upakarma, might have come across mose of the following Rishis names.  Each syllabi divided into various Parts known as Mandalas that comprises 64 chapters Sakala Sakha are classified in a different method in the Bhaskala sakha of Rigveda (with minor variations) into ten mandalas. The first mandala has 191 sookthas, then in the order from 2nd to 10th mandalas, respectively 43, 62, 58, 87, 75, 104, 103, 114 and 191 sookthas are present. The number of Riks in each suktha or each mandala is vary significantly. Say for example in the first mandala there are 2006 Riks included 191 sookthas and in the last Mandala has 191 sookthas but consists of only 1754 Riks.
One might have heard the names of some of the Rishis who have composed our Puranas (The oldest Scriptures), Itihasas (History of Great Indian Events) etc. But we might not have heard the names of majority of the Rishies who composed Veda mantra. Some of the names are special. However if a researcher would like to go deep into the subject of the 'names' of these Vedic Rishis, he can understand that these names have very special meaning or message. Given below are the names of Rishis who composed the Rig Veda. These names are presented here only just to give an awareness on the names of the Vedic Rishis: (What I heard is there were more than 182 Rishis, but I could gather the names of only 161 Rishis. If anyone is in the know of the other names, kindly send it to me, so as to include the missing names and publish the omitted names of the great Sages of yesteryears).
  1. Kanwa
  2. Sunsepha
  3. Aangeeras
  4. Athri
  5. Praskanwa
  6. Savya Aangeeras
  7. Nodha Gouthama
  8. Gouthama Rahoogana
  9. Kuthsa Aangeerasa
  10. Kasyapa
  11. Dhairghathamas
  12. Romasa
  13. Daivodaasi
  14. Ouchadthya
  15. Agasthya
  16. Lopaamudra
  17. Gurthsamada Sounaka
  18. Viswamitra Gaadhina
  19. Rushabha Viswamitra
  20. Utkeela kaathya
  21. Katho Viswamitra
  22. Gaathee Kousika
  23. Bhartha
  24. Prajapati Viswamitra
  25. Vamadeva Gouthama
  26. Thrasadsyu
  27. Athreya
  28. Kumara Athreya
  29. Vrusojaana
  30. Vasusrutha
  31. Isha athreya
  32. Gaya athreya
  33. Suthambhara Aathreya
  34. Dharuna Aangeerasa
  35. Pururathreya
  36. Vaprirathreya
  37. Prayaswantha Aathreya
  38. Sasa Aathreya
  39. Viswasaama Aathreya
  40. Gopayana
  41. Loupaayana
  42. Vasooyava Aathreya
  43. Bharatha Raja
  44. Viswamithrarathreya 
  45. Babhrurathreya
  46. Gaathurathreya
  47. Prabhuvasurangeerasa
  48. Athri Bhouma
  49. Avathsaara Kasyapa
  50. Sadaavuruna Aathreya
  51. Prathikshathra Aathreya
  52. Achanaana Aathreya
  53. Bharadhwaaja
  54. Bharhaspathya
  55. Suhotra Bharadwaja
  56. Bharathwaja
  57. Samyu Bruhaspati
  58. Gargya Bhradwaja (There are many Rishis from Bharadwaaja kula)
  59. Maitravaruna
  60. Vasisthaputra
  61. Viswamanu
  62. Vaivaswatha Manu
  63. Medhathithi Kanwa
  64. Syaavascha Aathreya
  65. Naabhakakanwa
  66. Syaavascha Aathreya
  67. Viroopa angeerasa
  68. Thrisoka Kanwa
  69. Vasosavya
  70. Ghora Karna
  71. Bhaga Praagatha
  72. Pragaatha Kanwa
  73. Purhanma Aangeerasa
  74. Haryatha Praaagaatha
  75. Gopavana Aathreya
  76. Kurusutri Kanwa
  77. Kruthsa Bhargava
  78. Ekadhyunoundhas
  79. Kuseedikanwa
  80. Krishna Aangeeras
  81. Nrumedha Aangeeras
  82. Thirascheera Aangeeras
  83. Repha Kasyapa
  84. Nomobhargava
  85. Jamadagnir Bhargava
  86. Sobhari Kanwa
  87. Medhathithi Kanwa
  88. Hiranyasthoopa Aangeeras
  89. Darddyachyutha
  90. Bindhurangeeras
  91. Nidhruvee Kasyapa
  92. Ambareesha
  93. Yaama
  94. Yaamee
  95. Yamavaivaswatha
  96. Yaamayatha
  97. Vimada Aindra
  98. Vasuka
  99. Aindra
  100. Kavasha Ailoosha
  101. Lusadhana
  102. Abhithaapa Sourya
  103. Ghosha Kaakshivati
  104. Suhashtya Ghousheya
  105. Saptha Guru Aangeeras
  106. Agni Souchika
  107. Gayaplaatha
  108. Vasu Karna
  109. Vasukra
  110. Aayaasya Aangeerasa
  111. Sumitra Vandhyaswa
  112. Beruhaspati Lounkhya
  113. Viswakarma Bhouvana
  114. Manyuthaapasa
  115. Suryasaaavitri
  116. Vrushtikaama
  117. Vaikhanasa
  118. Mulagala Bharmaswa
  119. Dhurmitra
  120. Vairoopa
  121. Agniyutha
  122. Bhiskshur Aangeerasa
  123. Atharvana
  124. Vaasishta
  125. Hiranyagarbha
  126. Vagamdhruni
  127. Kusika
  128. Parameshti
  129. Sakapootha
  130. Paijavana
  131. Aapsathya
  132. Brahma
  133. Nainruthi
  134. Vairraaja
  135. Vathayana
  136. Aghamarshana
  137. Samvanana
  138. Naaraddha
  139. Bhabrava
  140. Shoki
  141. Shakalya
  142. Badapaa
  143. Bhaguri
  144. Dhandyaa
  145. Rurukeesha
  146. Bhatkasheera
  147. Kuhusaa
  148. Bhahava
  149. Jaananthu
  150. Maandavya
  151. Mithravarsha
  152. Santhokamaake
  153. PraNavalkee
  154. Aupamanya
  155. Khamboja
  156. Sushravasa
  157. Araala
  158. Dharthreya
  159. Rushyasinghara
  160. Mithrabhuva Kasyaba
  161. Vibhandaka Kasyaba
Above are the Ancient Vedic Rishis who composed or scripted the Rg-Veda mantra. The names of other Rishis & Rishikas, though not necessarily the composers of Rg Vedic scripts are given in alphabetically given in this page.  (It is still possible that some more names might be there in the Puranas and still there can be some omissions. If anyone brings the names of other Rishis too, I shall gladly add it to this list). 
When one recites or chants the Rigveda manthra, just before reading, he is expected to chant the name of the Rishi who composed the manthra, the chandas (chandas is based on the number of letters in each Rik/mantra in the suktha) and also the Vedic deity of adoration (the deity of the manthra). Before we start reciting any specific slokha or mantra, the relevant Rishi who composed it and and the Chandas and the Devatha name is given at first, an example is given from Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam as below :
Sri Veda VyasO Bhagavan Rishi, Anushtub chanda: Sri Mahavishnu Paramaathmaa Sriman NaarayaNo devata..
then the Sahasra naamam mantra is to be recited.

Here the author of the manthra is Veda Vyaasa, The chandas is anushtub and the Vedic Deity is Sriman Narayana (Sri MahavishNu). Here the name of the Rishi, the chandas and the devatha are given in that order.

So it is easy to understand who has composed each manthra. There are many mantras composed by the same Rishi but with different Devatha. There are also mantras composed by the family members of the same Rishi. In the Rigveda text, you can read the names of the composer of each manthra.
To know the names given above one has to read it several times, to understand and know the names of the composers of the greatest and the first literature in the world, Rig Veda.
In the next article, I shall give the Gothra Pravaram, grouping of Rishis under specific Gothra which is the main contents while doing Abhivathanam to elders while prostrating, they recite the Gothra, Soothra and name etc.

Rishis (male) and Rishikas (female) - Their Compositions .

(The names in Red bold type are female Rishikas) .

Following is the list of Rishis & Rishikas, compiled in alphabetic order that I got from Sri Pandit Ram Sivan. Thus far, 356 names of Rishis are now available that includes the female Rishikas. I hope readers find this list useful. The original list of Rg Veda authors is already given in this page. The following are the additional names, and not necessarily the composers of Rg Veda. 
  1. Abhitapa Saurya x 1
  2. Abhivarta Angiras x 1
  3. Agastya Maitravaruni x 27
  4. Aghamarsana Madhucchandas  x 1
  5. Agni Barhaspatya x 1 co
  6. Agni Caksusa  x 1
  7. Agni Dhisnya Aisvaraya x 1s
  8. Agni Saucika x 5
  9. Agni Tapasa x 1
  10. Agniyuta Sthaura x 1
  11. Akrsta Masa x 1 co
  12. Amahiyu Angiras x 1
  13. Ambarisa Varsagira x 1 co
  14. Amhomuk Vamadevya x 1
  15. Ananata Parucchepi  x 1
  16. Andhigu Syavasvi x1 co
  17. Anga Aurava x 1
  18. Anila Vatayana x 1
  19. Apala Atreyi x 1
  20. Apratiratha Aindra x 1
  21. Arbuda Kadraveya Sarpa x 1
  22. Arcan Hairanyastupa x 1
  23. Arcananas Atreya  x 3
  24. Aristanemi Tarksya  x 1
  25. Aruna Vaitahavya x 1
  26. Asita Kasyapa x 20 ? Devala Kasyapa x 20
  27. Astadamstra Vairupa  x 1
  28. Astaka Vaisvamitra x 1
  29. Atri Bhauma x 15
  30. Atri Sankhya x1
  31. Avasyu Atreya x 2
  32. Avatsara Kasyapa x 9
  33. Ayasya Angiras x 5
  34. Ayu Kanva x 1
  35. Babhru Atreya x 1
  36. Bahuvrkta Atreya x 2
  37. Bahuvrkta Atreya x 2
  38. Bandhu Gaupayanas x 4 co
  39. Baru Angiras x 1
  40. Bharadvaja Barhaspatya x 60
  41. Bharga Pragatha x 2
  42. Bhiksu Angiras x 1
  43. Bhisag Atharvana x 1
  44. Bhutamsa Kasyapa x 1
  45. Bhuvana Aptya x 1 co
  46. Bindu Angiras x 1
  47. Brahmatithi Kanva x1
  48. Brhaddiva Atharvana x 1
  49. Brhaduktha Vamadevya x 3
  50. Brhanmati Angiras x 2
  51. Brhaspati Angiras x 2
  52. Budha Saumya x 1
  53. Budha x 1
  54. Caksu Manava x 1
  55. Caksu Saurya x 1
  56. Citramaha Vasistha x 1
  57. Cyavana Bhargava x 1
  58. Daksina Prajapatya x 1 co
  59. Damana Yamayana x 1
  60. Devamuni Airammada x 1
  61. Devapi Arstisena x 1
  62. Devasravas Yamayana x 1
  63. Devatithi Kanva x 1
  64. Dharuna Angiras x 1
  65. Dhruva Angiras x 1
  66. Dirghatamas Aucathya x 24
  67. Divya Angiras x 1 co
  68. Drlhacyuta Agastya x 1
  69. Drona x 1 co
  70. Durmitra Kautsa x 1 co
  71. Duvasyu Vandana x 1
  72. Dvita Aptya x 1
  73. Dyumna Visvacarsani Atreya x 1
  74. Dyumnika Vasistha
  75. Ekadyu Naudhasa x 1
  76. Etasa Vatarasanas x 1 co
  77. Evayamarut Atreya x 1
  78. Garga Bharadvaja x 1
  79. Gathin Kausika x 4
  80. Gatu Atreya x 1
  81. Gauriviti Saktya x 4
  82. Gavisthira Atreya x 1
  83. Gavisthira Atreya x 1 ? Budha
  84. Gaya Atreya x 2
  85. Gaya Plata x 2
  86. Gharma Saurya x 1 co
  87. Ghora Angiras x 1
  88. Ghosa Kaksivati x 2
  89. Gopavana Atreya x 2
  1. Gosuktin Kanva x 2 ? Asvasuktin Kanva x 2
  2. Gotama Rahugana x 21
  3. Grtsamada Saunahotra; later Grtsamada Saunaka x 36
  4. Grtsamada Saunaka x 1 co
  5. Harimanta Angiras x 1
  6. Haryata Pragatha x 1
  7. Havirdhana Angi x 2
  8. Hiranyagarbha Prajapatya x 1
  9. Hiranyastupa Angiras x 7
  10. Idhmavaha Darlhacyuta x 1
  11. Indra Muskavan x1
  12. Indra Vaikuntha x 3
  13. Indramatara Devajamaya x 1
  14. Indrani x 1
  15. Indrapramati Vasistha x 1 co
  16. Irimbitha Kanva x 3
  17. Isa Atreya x 2
  18. Ita Bhargava x 1
  19. Jamadagni Bhargava x 5
  20. Jaratkarna Sarpa Airvata x 1
  21. Jaritr x 1 co
  22. Jaya Aindra x 1
  23. Jeta Madhucchandas x 1
  24. Juhu Brahmajaya x 1
  25. Juti Vatarasanas x 1 co
  26. Kaksivan Dairghatamas x 12
  27. Kali Pragatha x 1
  28. Kanva Ghaura x 9
  29. Kapota Nairrta x 1
  30. Karikrata Vatarasanas x 1 co
  31. Karnasrut Vasistha x 1co
  32. Kasyapa Marica x 6 ? +5
  33. Kata Vaisvamitra x 2
  34. Kavasa Ailusa x 5
  35. Kavi Bhargava x 8
  36. Ketu Agneya x 1
  37. Krsa Kanva x 1
  38. Krsna Angiras x 6
  39. Krtnu Bhargava x 1
  40. Kumara Agneya x 2
  41. Kumara Agneya x 2 part author
  42. Kumara Yamayana x 1
  43. Kurma Gartsamada x 3
  44. Kurusuti Kanva x 2
  45. Kusidin Kanva  x3
  46. Kusika Saubhara x 1 co
  47. Kutsa Angiras x 21
  48. Laba Aindra x 1
  49. Lusa Dhanaka x 2
  50. Madhucchandas Vaisvamitra x 11
  51. Mandhata Yauvanasva x 1
  52. Manu Apsava x 1
  53. Manu Samvarana x 1 co
  54. Manu Vaivasvata x 5
  55. Manya Maitravaruni x 1
  56. Manyu Tapasa x 2
  57. Manyu Vasistha x 2
  58. Matarisvan Kanva x 1
  59. Matitha Yamayana x 1
  60. Matsya Sammada x 1
  61. Medhatithi Kanva x 19
  62. Medhya Kanva x 3
  63. Medhyatithi Kanva x 3
  64. Mrlika Vasistha x 2
  65. Mudgala Bharmyasva x 1
  66. Murdhanvan Vamadevya x 1
  67. Nabhahprabhedana Vairupa x 1
  68. Nabhaka Kanva x 4
  69. Nabhaka Kanva x 4
  70. Nabhanedistha Manava x 2
  71. Nahusa Manava x 1 co
  72. Nara Bharadvaja x 2
  73. Narada Kanva x 3
  74. Narada Kanva x 3 co
  75. Nema Bhargava x 1
  76. Nidhruvi Kasyapa x 1
  77. Nipatithi Kanva x 1
  78. Nodhas Gautama x 9
  79. Nrmedha Angiras x 4
  80. Nrmedha Angiras, Purumedha Angiras x 2
  81. Parasara Saktya x 10
  82. Parucchepa Daivodasi x 13
  83. Parvata Kanva x 3 co
  84. Patanga Prajapatya x 1
  85. Paura Atreya x 2
  86. Paura Atreya x 2
  87. Pavitra Angiras x 3
  88. Payu Bharadvaja x 3
  89. Prabhuvasu Angiras x 4
  1. Pracetas Angiras x 1
  2. Pragatha Kanva x 7
  3. Prajapati Paramesthin x 1
  4. Prajapati Vacya x 1
  5. Prajapati Vaisvamitra x 1 co
  6. Prajapati Vaisvamitra x 4
  7. Prajapati Vaisvamitra/Vacya x 4
  8. Prajavan Prajapatya x 1
  9. Praskanva Kanva x 10
  10. Pratardana Daivodasi x 1
  11. Pratardana Kasiraja x 1 co
  12. Pratha Vasistha x 1 co
  13. Pratibhanu Atreya x 1
  14. Pratiksatra Atreya x1
  15. Pratiprabha Atreya x 1
  16. Pratiratha Atreya x 1
  17. Prayasvantu Atreya x 1
  18. Prayoga Bhargava x 1 co
  19. Priyamedha Angiras x 5
  20. Prsadhra Kanva x 1
  21. Prsni Aja x 1 co
  22. Prthu Vainya x 1
  23. Punarvatsa Kanva x 1
  24. Purana Vaisvamitra x 1
  25. Puru Atreya x 2
  26. Puruhanman Angiras x 1
  27. Purumilha Sauhotra x 2 ? Ajamilha Sauhotra x 2
  28. Pururavas Aila x 1 co
  29. Pustigu Kanva x 1
  30. Putadaksa Angiras x 1 co
  31. Rahugana Angiras x 2
  32. Raksoha Brahma x 1
  33. Rama Jamadagnya x 1
  34. Ratahavya Atreya x 2
  35. Ratri Bharadvaji x 1 co
  36. Rebha Kasyapa x 1
  37. Rebhasunu Kasyapas x 2
  38. Renu Vaisvamitra x 2
  39. Rjisvan Angiras x 1 co
  40. Rjisvan Bharadvaja x 5
  41. Rjrasva Varsagira x 1
  42. Rsabha Vairaja Sakvara x 1
  43. Rsabha Vaisvamitra x 3
  44. Rsyasrnga Vatarasanas x 1 co
  45. Sabara Kaksivata x 1
  46. Saci Paulomi x 1
  47. Sadaprna Atreya  x 11
  48. Sadhana Aptya x 1 co
  49. Sadhri Vairupa x 1
  50. Sadhvamsa Kanva x 1
  51. Sakaputa Narmedha x 1
  52. Sakti Vasistha x 2
  53. Samvanana Angiras x 1
  54. Samvarana Prajapatya x 2
  55. Samvarta Angiras x 1
  56. Samyu Barhaspatya x 4
  57. Sankha Yamayana x 1
  58. Sankusuka Yamayana x 1
  59. Sapratha Bharadvaja x 1 co
  60. Saptagu Angiras x 1
  61. Saptavadhri Atreya x 1
  62. Sapti Vajambhara x 2
  63. Sarisrkva x 1 co
  64. Sarnga x 1 co
  65. Sarparajni x 1
  66. Sarvahari Aindra  x 1
  67. Saryata Manava  x 1
  68. Sasa Atreya x1
  69. Sasa Bharadvaja x 1
  70. Sasakarna Kanva x 1
  71. Sata Vaikhanasa x 1
  72. Sataprabhedana Vairupa x 1
  73. Satyadhrti Varuni x 1
  74. Satyasravas Atreya x 2
  75. Savya Angiras x 7
  76. Sibi Ausinara x 1 co
  77. Sikata Nivavari x 1 co
  78. Sindhudvipa Ambarisa x 1
  79. Sindhuksit Praiyamedha x 1
  80. Sirimbitha Bharadvaja x 1
  81. Sisu Angiras x 1
  82. Sobhari Kanva x 4
  83. Somahuti Bhargava x 4
  84. Sraddha Kamayani x 1
  85. Srustigu Kanva x 1
  86. Srutabandhu Gaupayanas x 4 co
  87. Srutavida Atreya x 1
  88. Stambhamitra x 1 co
  89. Subandhu Gaupayanas x 4 co
  1. Sudas Paijavana x 1
  2. Suditi Purumilha x 1
  3. Suhastya Ghauseya x 1
  4. Suhotra Bharadvaja x 2
  5. Sukaksa Angiras x 2
  6. Sukirti Kaksivata x 1
  7. Sumitra Kautsa x 1 co ? F
  8. Sumitra Vadhryasva  x 2
  9. Sunahotra Bharadvaja x 2
  10. Sunahsepa Ajigarti x 1
  11. Sunahsepa Ajigarti x 8 (Devarata Vaisvamitra? X 7)
  12. Sunu Arbhava x 1
  13. Suparna Kanva x1
  14. Surya Savitri x 1
  15. Sutambhara Atreya x 4
  16. Suvedas Sairisi x 1
  17. Svasti Atreya x 2
  18. Syavasva Atreya x 17
  19. Syena Agneya x 1
  20. Syumarasmi Bhargava  x 2
  21. Tanva Parthya x 1
  22. Tapurmurdhan Barhaspatya x 1
  23. Tirasci Angiras x 2
  24. Trasadasyu Paurukutsa x 1
  25. Trisiras Tvastra x 4
  26. Trisoka Kanva x 1
  27. Trita Aptya x 11
  28. Tryaruna Traivrsna x 1
  29. Ucathya Angiras x 3
  30. Ula Vatayana x 1
  31. Upastuta Varstihavya x 1
  32. Urdhvagrava Arbuda x 1
  33. Urdhvasadman Yamayana x 1
  34. Uru Angiras x 1
  35. Urucakri Atreya x 2
  36. Uruksaya Angiras x 1
  37. Urvasi – 1
  38. Usana Kavya x 4
  39. Utkila Katya x 2
  40. Vak Ambhrni x 1
  41. Vamadeva Gautama x 56
  42. Vamra Vaikhanasa x 1
  43. Vasa Asvya x 1
  44. Vasistha Maitravaruni  x 107
  45. Vasu Bharadvaja x 3
  46. Vasukarna Vasukra x 2
  47. Vasukra Aindra x 3
  48. Vasukra Vasistha x 1 co
  49. Vasukrt Vasukra x 7
  50. Vasumanas Rauhidasva x 1 co
  51. Vasusruta Atreya x 4
  52. Vasuyava Atreya x 2
  53. Vatajuti Vatarasanas x 1 co
  54. Vatsa Agneya  x 1
  55. Vatsa Kanva x 3
  56. Vatsapri Bhalandana x 4
  57. Vavri Atreya x 1
  58. Vena Bhargava x 2
  59. Vibhrat Saurya x 1
  60. Vihavya Angiras x 1
  61. Vimada Aindra x 7
  62. Vindu Angiras x 1 co
  63. Viprabandhu Gaupayanas x 4 co
  64. Viprajuti Vatarasanas x 1 co
  65. Virupa Angiras x 2
  66. Virupa Atreya x 1
  67. Visnu Prajapatya x 1
  68. Visvaka Karsni x1
  69. Visvakarma Bhauvana x 2
  70. Visvamanas Vaiyasva x 4
  71. Visvamitra Gathina x 49
  72. Visvamitra, Jamadagni x 1 co
  73. Visvasaman Atreya x 1
  74. Visvasvan Aditya x 1
  75. Visvavara Atreyi x 1
  76. Visvavasu Devagandharva x 1
  77. Vivrha Kasyapa x 1
  78. Vrsa Jana Atreya x 1
  79. Vrsagana Vasistha x 1 co
  80. Vrsakapi Aindra x 1
  81. Vrsanaka Vatarasanas x 1 co
  82. Vyaghrapada Vasistha x 1
  83. Vyasva Angiras x 1
  84. Yajata Atreya x 2
  85. Yajna Prajapatya x 1
  86. Yaksmanasana Prajapatya x 1
  87. Yama Vaivasvata x 2
  88. Yami Vaivasvati x 1
  89. Yayati Nahusa x 1 co
 I am thankful to Sri Sri Pundit Ram Sivan of Australia Sri Ramanuja Matham for compiling the above list alphabetically and including the missing names. His commendable work on Rishis names and finding them from the different Vedic Scripts from different source of books are really a treasure to preserve.

Gothra Pattika - Gothra Pravaram - Gotra names and related Rishi vargam - Abhivathanam


List of Rishis, Their known Gotra lineage - The Gothra root is same irrespective of Sect or Sub-sect in all Brahmins.


Following are the names of Rishis, to whom a specific Gothra person belong to. While prostrating to elders, one has to give these details at the end, stating his Rishis group,  how many Rishis in his grouping, Soothra, and the Veda culture he belongs to, (Rg, Yajur, Sama & Atharva Veda), then his Gothra and name in that order. One need not pronounce this Abhivathanam to a Saint (Sanyasi), Kula Acharya - (the one who affixes the Shanka Chakra (The Conch & Wheel) Emblem in your arms and adopts you as His disciple/sishya) or any other women except one's mother. However, for Bruhaspathi (Vadyar) and other elders, one has to pronounce the entire abhivathanam, every time one meets them.
I list below the most used and prevailing Gothra names together Rishis' group that a specific Gotra one belong to and the pravaram one has to say while doing abhivathanam. If anyone finds a missing Gothra from the table given below, please let me know with due pravarams so as to include the same in the table. The actual benefits of prostrating (namaskaram & sashtanga namaskar, Dhandavath) is listed by a researcher and the same is published in another page of this website.
Please add the respective Rishis name from the given table, and other details in the blank spaces to complete the Abhivathana.
(1) Abivathaye,
(2) _______   _______    ______ (Names of respective Gothra Rishis, as applicable as one, two, three, five or seven Rishis from the table given below)
(3) ____________ (Choose one as applicable »Eka Risheya, »Dhwayarsheya, »Thrayaa Risheya, »Pancha Risheya, »Saptha Risheya), 
(4) Pravaraanvitha:
(5) _______________ Soothra (Abasthampa Soothra/ Bhodhayana Soothraa),
(6) _______________ (Yaajusha/Samo/Rg) Gaathyaathi
(7) ________________ Gothrasya
(8) ______________________ (your name)
(9) sarmaNa: aham asbibho.


Brugu (Briku) - Twenty sub-lineage Rishis
#
Name of Gothra
Pravaram to be pronounced with Names
01 Jamadagni Bhargava, Syavana, Aabnavaana - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
02 Jaabaali Bhargava, Vaithahavya, Raivasa -  Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
03 Jaamadagnya Bhargava, Aurva, jamadagnya -  Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
04. Jaimini Bhargava, Vaithahavya, Raivasa -  Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
05 Bhaulathsya Bhargava, Aurva, jamadagnya -  Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
06 Maandookeya Bhargava, Aurva, jamadagnya -  Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
07 Maunabhargava Bhargava, Vaithahavya, Saavethasa - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
08 Vathoola Bhargava, Vaithahavya, Saavethasa - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
09 Srivathsa Bhargava, Syavana, Aapnavana, Aurva, Jamadagya - Pancharisheya, pravaranvitha:
10 Garthsamatha Bhargava, Garthsamatha - Dvayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
11Kanaka Bhargava, Garthsamatha - Dvayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
12Yagnjapathi Bhargava, Garthsamatha - Dvayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
13Avada Bhargava, Aurva, Jamadagnya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
14AartishENa Bhargava, AarttisheNa, AnUpa - Thrayarsheya pravaranvitha:
15Aaswalaayana Bhargava, Vaadhyaksha, Daivadaasa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
16Kasyapi Bhargava, Vaidahvya, Saavethasa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
17Kaathyaayana Bhargava, AartishENa, AnUpa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
18Kaargya Bhargava, Vaithahavya, Revasa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
19Kruthsamatha Bhargava, Saunahothra, Gaarthsamatha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
20Nairruthi Bhargava, AartishENa, AnUpa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
 
Aangirasa (with 27 sub lineage Rishis)
01Uthasatha (Uthathya) Aangirasa, Audathya, Gauthama - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
02Kamyaangirasa Aangirasa, Aamahaavya, Aurushaaya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
03GaargEya Aangirasa, Gaargya, Chaithya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
04GaargEya
Aangirasa, Bhaarhaspathya, Bharatheevaja, Sainya, Gargya -    Pancharsheya pravaranvitha:
05Gauthama Aangirasa, Aayarsaya, Gauthama - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
06Paurukuthsa Aangirasa, Paurukuthsa, Thraasathasya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
07PaatharaayaNa Aangirasa, Paurukuthsa, Thraasathasya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
08Mauthgalya Aangirasa, Ambarisha, Mauthgalya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
09Bharatwaja Aangirasa, Bhaarhaspathya, Bharatwaja - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
10Mauthgalya Aangirasa, Bhargyasva, Mauthgalya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
11Ratheethara Aangirasa, Vairoopa, Raatheethara - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
12Vishnuvruththa Aangirasa, Pauruguthsa, Thraasathasya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
13ShatamarshNa Aangirasa, Thraasathasya, Pauruguthsa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
14Sankruthi Saathya, Saankruthya, Gauriveetha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
15Sankruthi Aangirasa, Saaskruthya, Gauriveetha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
16Haritha Aangirasa, Ambarisha, Yauvanaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
17Aabasthamba Aangirasa, Bharhaspathya, Bharatwaja - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
18Aayaasya Aangirassa, Aayaasya, Gauthama - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
19KaNva Aangirasa, Ajameeta, KaaNva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
20KaNva Aangirasa, Aamaheeyava, Aurukshyasa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
21Kabila Aangirasa, Aamaheeyava, Aurukshyasa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
22Garga Aangirasa, Chainya, Gargaya (Garka) - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
23Kuthsa Aangirasa, Ambareesha, Yauvanaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
24Kuthsa Aangirasa, Maandathra, Kauthsa - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
25Kaundinya Aangirasa, Bharhaspathya, Bharatwaja - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
26Paurukuthsa Aangirasa, Paurukuthsa, Aasathasya - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
27Lohitha Aangirasa, Vaichvamitra, Lohitha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
   
Aathri ( 13 sub lineage Rishis)
01Aathreya Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
02Mauthgalya Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, Baurvaathitha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
03Athri Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
04Uthaalaka Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
05Muthkala Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, Baurvaathitha - thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
06Gauriveetha Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, Baurvaathitha - thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
07Dattathreya Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
08Dhananjaya Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, Kaavishtira - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
09Dhaksha ( Dakshi) Aathreya, Kaavishtira, Bhaurvathitha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
10Bhaaleya Aathreya, Vaamarathya, Bauthrika - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
11Pathanjala Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
12Bheejaavaaba Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, Aadhitha - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
13  Aathreya, Aarsanaanasa, syaavaachva - Thrayarsheya, pravaranvitha:
 
Vishwamitra ( 13 sub lineage Rishis)
01Kausika (Kusika) Vaiswamithra, AagamarshaNa, Kausika - Thrayarsheya
02Lohitha Vaiswamithra, Ashtaka, Lohitha - Thrayarsheya
03Viswamithra Vaiswamithra, Devaraatha, Authala - Thrayarsheya
04Saalaavatha Vaiswamithra, Devaraatha, Authala - Thrayarsheya
05Kadhaka Vaiswamithra, Kadhaka - Dhwayarsheya
06AagamarshaNa Vaiswamithra, AagamarshaNa, Kausika - Thrayarsheya
07Gatha Vaiswamithra, Maaduchandasa, Aaja - Thrayarsheya
08Kaathyaayana Vaiswamithra, Kathya, Adgeetha - Thrayarsheya
09Kamakaayana Vaiswamithra, Devaseevarasa, DaivaTharasa (Rethasa) - Thrayarsheya
10Kaalava Vaiswamithra, Devaraatha, Audhala - Thrayarsheya
11Kausika Vaiswamithra, Salangayana, Kausika - Thrayarsheya
12Jabhala (Jabali) Vaiswamithra, Devaraatha, Audhala - Thrayarsheya
13Devaraatha Vaiswamithra, Devaraatha, Aulitha - Thrayarsheya
 
Vashishta ( 13 sub lineage Rishis)
01Kaundinya Vaasishta, MaithravaruNa, Kaundinya - Thrayarsheya
02Parasara Vaasishta, saakthya, Paarasarya - Thrayarsheya
03Vaasishta Vaasishta, MaithravaruNa, Kaundinya - Thrayarsheya
04Vasishta Vaasishta - Ekarsheya
05Haritha Vaasishta - Ekarsheya
06Aachvalaayana Vaasishta, Aindrapramatha, Aabarathvasasya - Thrayarsheya
07Upamanyu Vaasishta, Aindrapramatha, Aabarathvasasya - Thrayarsheya
08KaaNva Vaasishta, Aindrapramatha, Aabarathvasasya - Thrayarsheya
09JaadhookarNya Vaasishta, Aindrapramatha, Aabarathvasasya - Thrayarsheya
10Bhodayana Vaasishta, Aathreya, JaadhookarNya - Thrayarsheya
11MithraavaruNa Vaasishta, MaithravaruNa, Kaundinya - Thrayarsheya
12Mauthgala Vaasishta, MaithravaruNa, Kaundinya - Thrayarsheya
13Vaasida Vaasishta, Aindrapramatha, Aaabarathvasasya - Thrayarsheya
   
Kachyapa/Kasyapa ( 13 sub lineage Rishis)
01Naithruva Kasyapa Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Naithruva - Thrayarsheya
02Reba Kasyapa Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Rebaa - Thrayarsheya
03Saandilya Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Saandilya - Thrayarsheya
04Saandilya Kasyapa, Daivala, Asitha - Thrayarsheya
05Saandilya Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Naithruva, Reba, Raiba, Sandila, Chandilya - Sapthaarsheya
06Kaasyapa Kaasyapa, Aasitha, Daivala - Thrayarsheya
07Kachyapa Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Naithruva, Reba, Raiba, Sandila, Chandilya - Sapthaarsheya
08Bruku Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Naithrava - Thrayarsheya
09Maareesa Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Naithrava - Thrayarsheya
10Raibya (Reba) Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Raibya - Thrayarsheya
11Baukakshi Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Aasitha - Thrayarsheya
12Vaathsya Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Raibya - Thrayarsheya
13  Kaasyapa, Aavathsaara, Aasitha - Thrayarsheya
 
Agasthya ( 7 sub lineage Rishis)
01Agasthya Agasthya - Ekarisheya, pravaranvitha:
02Idhmavaaha Agasthya - Ekarisheya, Pravaranvitha:
03Aagasthi Agasthya, Maahendra, Maayobhuva - Thryarisheya, pravaranvitha
04Agasthi Agasthya, Dhradyavrutha, Aidhmavaaha - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
05Idhmavaaha Agasthya, Vaathyasva, Aidhmavaaha - thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
06Pulaha Agasthya, Maahendra, Maayobhuva - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:
07Maayobhuva Agasthya, Maahendra, Maayobhuva - Thrayarisheya, pravaranvitha:

 

Note: In the above chart, some of the Gothra Rishis names are appearing same as in other Gothra. It is advisable to check the pravaram Rishis names from your family elders as the Gothra name with different Rishi's names are mentioned in the same script. The difference is in the Rishis sub-lineage names that should be checked with elders. For instance, Saandilya Gothra has three different pravaram with the same Gothra Rishi but the sub-lineage names of Rishis are different.

 

What is Gotra?

How did the people thousands of years ago realize that genetically there was transference of some unique characteristics only from father to son (in the form of Y-chromosomes) ? In recent past when it was fashionable to condemn all Indian traditional systems as of no value, non-believers have referred to 'Gothra' as archaic, unscientific, irrelevant and male chauvinistic! The Scientifically proven factor DNA type test and assertions are more closer to the Gotra lineage matters. And to the Vedic line state nothing less than what your researchers & scientists speaking about!

Modern DNA & genetic research has confirmed male line Y-chromosomal transference, through 8 generations in case of Thomas Jefferson. 'Gothra' in essence really stands for Y-chromosomal identity.
In the very recent, US President (& Author of Declaration of Independence of United States) Thomas Jefferson's paternity of his slave Sally Fleming's children has been in news. For nearly 200 years, since US president Thomas Jefferson's time, many traditionalists maintained that Jefferson did not cohabit with Sally. But some descendants of Sally maintained otherwise and claimed to be progeny of the ex-president. This old historical controversy has now been resolved using modern genetic DNA analysis methods (Source - Founding father by Eric S Lander & Joseph J Ellis and Foster et al, Nature [ Volume 396 - 5 November 19980] pages 14, 27 & 28).

The genetic DNA study of descendents of Jefferson family and Sally Fleming's family, has confirmed with very high probability that, US President Thomas Jefferson was indeed the father of at least one of the sons of Sally Fleming. How was this genetic work done? Geneticists used a scientific fact, that most of the male Y-chromosome is passed intact from father to son. Females do not carry the Y-chromosome. With modern advances in genetics, this fact has been used to trace paternal lineage, and resolve stories like Thomas Jefferson's.

Thomas Jefferson did not have surviving sons from his legal wife. But his paternal uncle's male lineage is in tact to present time.. The genetic Y-chromosome of these persons (eight generations down from Thomas Jefferson's paternal uncle) living at present time was used as the reference. This was compared with intact male line persons from (Five generations down from) Sally Fleming living presently. The geneticists used polymorph markers so that Y-chromosome can be distinguished by haplotypes. They found that Sally Fleming's son Eston's male line progeny had same haplotypes as Field Jefferson who was paternal uncle of Thomas Jefferson. Using other physical and living proximity factors, the geneticists have concluded with high probability that Eston Fleming was the son of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Fleming.
In the western countries, there are lots of research undertaken on the lineage and genealogy. But in India, there is no basis for equating genetics and race, other than specifying one's Gothram. And more interestingly, there is no female lineage taken into account! That is, if you are provided the geno-graphic profile of a random Indian, you would not be able to say to which caste or tribe that person belongs. Conversely, if you know the race of a person, you would not be able to say what genetic lineage that person will have. Race is a social phenomenon. Genetics is a biological phenomenon.

The Indian patrilineal pool is very diverse and cuts across castes and tribes. The Indian mitochondria DNA pool (female ancestry) falls into just four types, attesting to how closely related all Indians are to each other. Researchers suggest, that there is no link between language (Indo-European, Indo-Arabic and Dravidian) and genetic lineage.

Most of the genetic differences between people are superficial. However, geno-graphic profiles provide a way for us to understand our own origins and the migratory path of our ancestors (they may also be useful for understanding potential susceptibilities to certain diseases among people with different genetic lineages).

This class of human male lineage research is now very active and is being conducted in native populations of Wales, England, in Iceland and to establish uniqueness, paternity, historical lineage, medical issues and intellectual issues of heredity etc amongst various population groups. Does this not ring a bell amongst traditional Hindus who believe in 'Gothra' identification carried down from Sanathana-dharma orthodoxy?. 'Gothra' is an identity carried by male lineage in India from time immemorial. Most people have Gothra chain names traceable to Rig Vedic Rishis like 'Gowthama', 'Vasishta' 'Viswamithra' and to first sons of Vaivaswatha Manu like Angirasa & Bhrigu. Purana such as Vishnu Purana refer to individual identity through 'Gothra'. Listings of more than 250 Gothra chains have been explicitly listed. I have heard of instances of even Muslims converted from Hinduism still keeping track of their 'Gothra'.
In a classic example, I cite that Buddha, named Siddhartha was of 'Gowthama Gothra'.. It means that his Y-chromosomes were probably from Rig-Vedic Rishi 'Gowthama Rahoogana'.

Nearly 2500 years have passed since death of Lord Buddha, but many 'Gowthama Gothra' individuals exist even today. They can claim genetic relation to Buddha. Typically 4 generations occur in 100 years and in 2500 years nearly 100 generations are complete. Other 'Gothra' chains may have run 100-200 generations from Vedic period if male lineage did continue unbroken. Do Y-chromosomes remain intact after, say 100 generations of unbroken male issues? Genetic mutations may or may not have changed some Y-chromosomes. The Gotra lineage is the one aspect that is very interesting field of research for future to see if persons of same 'Gothra' in the present generations have common and unique Y-chromosomal features. Only deep study with dedicated research could bring about the truth, that Vedic Era findings are certainly more authentic and scientific one that our forefathers relied aptly.
In conclusion, considering the above, no doubt, the Gotra lineage and DNA roots, probably, are one and the same way to find out the Family tree from the roots!

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